How to start a Quail bird farming Business – kick-start Quail Farming

How to start a Quail bird farming Business – kick-start Quail Farming

Quail Bird

Quail bird is an aves, and a poultry bird raised at home and commercial farms as food and for other commercial purposes.

 Quail farming is not a common business and is yet to gain so much recognition like other poultry birds and this makes it a very good business deal to venture in as it is of enormous benefits and it cannot be underestimate in a home meal for better health development and natural cure of diseases. Quail is a bush bird that has been successful domesticated by the influence of scientific researches.

Quail Birds in colony

Most Farmers are just beginning to discover the wealth means that lies in quail farming and its potential benefits to both the farmer in terms of business and to the consumer in terms of health. 

Quail bird and Quail egg is used for various health purposes and it’s a natural way to cure many illnesses the natural means. 


Quail is demanded in high quantity for its health benefits and currently the demand for quail birds and most especially quail egg is higher than the numbers of quail farmers. This means Quail farming is still a virgin agricultural business you can consider today and make money thereof; Quail farming is indeed one of the lucrative agricultural business in Nigeria and other parts of Africa. The business as a high return on investment within a short period of venturing into it.
Quail Eggs

 Quail is basically raised and kept for their meat and health but with the scientific discovery; there is more concentration on their egg now for its enormous health benefits under a normal and standard condition one Quail is capable of producing one egg per day meaning they tend to lay even more better than poultry birds.

 Currently in Nigeria the average price of a quail egg goes for N30 per one. Practically a fertile quail egg is considered to be more nutritional than chicken egg and medically it is recommended for the treatment of many ailments such as high blood pressure, Gastric ulcer, Liver problems, asthma, cancer, anemia and even more.

                                              Pictures of Quail Farms

 Perhaps that is why some people refer to Quail as ‘’Super food’’ You can produce fertile  quail eggs by mixing both and the male and female together in a spacious pen for them to mate and make sure the number of females exceed the number of males.

Feasibility studies shows that Quail Farming might soon take the place of the common chicken poultry farming business in Nigeria due to its  high rate of returns on investment with low capital requirement and less stress involved. 

Alongside an obligatory regular administration of drugs, a mature chicken consumes an average of 150grams of food daily, while a mature quail only consumes between 20 to 25grams of food per day plus little or no drugs.

Quail egg has an average market price of N20 which is very close to that of chicken. Quails take about five to six weeks to mature to point of lay compared to chicken that takes twenty to twenty four

With a start-up capital of N200,000 and good marketing strategy, you can earn an average of N100,000 monthly. Follow me as I present the analysis to you below:

1. 250 matured female quails at N500 each = N125,000

2. 50 matured male quails at N300 each = N15,000

3. Housing » 2step 3feet width and four feet length = N25,000

4. Feeders/drinkers = N4000

5. Feeds = 9 (25kg) bags per month = N22,500

6. Miscellaneous = N8,500

Total = N200,000.


1. 1 to 5 are fixed capitals.

2. Cost of quails, cage, feeders/drinkers might vary slightly in your area.

Average selling price per egg = N20. 250 female quails can lay 225 or more eggs daily, which implies 6750 eggs monthly. 6750eggs x N20 = N135,000 monthly.

It should be noted that quails lay eggs for a minimum of eighteen months ( one and a half year). According to my own plan, I should be able to expand my farm to  1000 quails in less than two years.


1. Make sure the cage or room is secured from cats, snakes, rats and thieves

2. The cage or room should be well ventilated

3. Clean the cage or room regularly. This is because a dirty
environment leads to reduced egg production or even disease outbreak

4. Give your quails clean water. Water should always be available as
quails drink much water

5. Give your quails good quality food.

The demand for fertile quail eggs is high. A proper marketing strategy is what you need to sell your eggs quickly. You can start by informing friends and families of your products and asking them to tell others. 

Place posters around your area carrying information about the nutritional and health benefits of quail eggs, not forgetting to chip in your contact details. You can also do same by printing and distributing leaflets.
You need to also make proper plans for feed availability and proper adequate water system, talking from the laying aspect quail use to be more productive during rainy season but rain can actually ruin the farm if the housing system is not well protected against  adverse weather condition.

Most hotels food receptions, hospitals and commercial eateries are regular customer for quail eggs so if you are sure you can make available the quantity of eggs demanded and make money thereof;

Quail farming is indeed a practical farming business that anyone can venture into and make decent amount of money from it with time and consistency.
Quail eats the same feed as other  poultry birds however they are not the fat type, so you might not have to consider a broiler finisher for them as a grower mash concentration can do well fro them,
In terms of their housing they require a big and spacious house where they can fly and spread all around so as to be active and healthy always, actually they don't sick regularly but its important you check their health state regularly and administer necessary vaccines and drugs for them, you can consult your vet doctor for guide on this.
If you are already a Quail farmer you can share your experience with us.

Wishing you the best in your quail farm business.


  1. We've changed the comment system so our readers can now make comment easily

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  3. This is disgusting, treating animals like machines and not living beings.


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