Deforestation is the removal of stand of trees from the land, which would later be converted to a non-forest use (i.e, cutting down of trees without planting others to replace them). Deforestation could lead to:
Environmental degradation, which is the deterioration of the environment via exhaustion of natural resources (air, water and soil). It is a major threat on the environment, because it could reduce the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological needs.
Deforestation is a major cause of global warming and loss of biodiversity.
Loss of ecological services provided by tropical rainforests and related ecosystems.
Forest loss decreases the availability of renewable resources such timber, medicinal plants, nuts and fruits.
It also leads to soil erosion.
Water cycle is also affected by deforestation.
Tropical deforestation is responsible for about 20 – 25 percent of world greenhouse gas emissions.
Destruction of animal habitats.
Destroying trees that serve as windbreakers.
Undisturbed forests usually have very low rate of soil loss
Pollution (air, water and soil pollution).
Overpopulation leads to degradation of our environment.
Ozone layer depletion.
Loss of cropland area for farming.
Prevention of Deforestation
Awareness campaign on the importance of reforestation and the hazard deforestation imposes on our environment should be carried out.
For each tree that is cut, three to four trees should be planted to replace it.
Water catchment areas should be left alone, to avoid flood.