Pig Farming : Controlling The Rates of Breeding and Reproduction
Most Pig farmers in Nigeria breed without control and usually get caught up in a financial mess.
In most cases the farmer has insufficient rooms or feed for the pigs he has produced uncontrolled, hence he is forced to sell them at a loss.
Controlled breeding is a kind of family planning that ensures a farmer has complete control over the herd reproduction. It allows the farmer to decide the specific days to breed, farrow and sell.
The idea behind this is to decide the sow estrus date hence deciding accurately when to mate and subsequently making a decision to induce farrowing at a scheduled date and time.
This system allows the farmer to produce and sell a specific no of pigs within fixed dates.
some of the advantages of this system include:
Uniform growth and finishing weight for fatteners.
increased litter size at farrowing
because you have targeted mating to occur at the right time it becomes easy and common to have female pigs produce an average of 15 piglets.
Optimum utilisation of human, material and environmental resources
Over the yearsI have discovered not all periods of a farming year are equal in terms of productivity, sometimes your attention is required elsewhere or your dedicated worker might be on a leave, farrowing at these periods can increase your exposure to potential loses. Another time based opportunity is deciding to breed more animals when feed prices are low e. t. c
Predictable sales output
now you can take a friendly loan and pay back on time.
Optimal use of farrowing spaces
no more mergers of farrowed sows due to limited rooms and clashing farrowing dates.
you can breed a specific no of animals at a period you can afford to house and feed them.
cost of pharmacological synchronisation
You can control or synchronise breeding pigs naturally or by using drugs.
The process is easy but requires indepth knowledge because the wrong step could ruin the herd.
You can learn more about this by attending our training on pig production